- The cytosolic 5’-nucleotidase cN-II lowers the adaptability to glucose deprivation in human breast cancer cells doi link

Auteur(s): Bricard Gabriel, Cadassou Octavia, Cassagnes Laure-Estelle, Cros-Perrial Emeline, Payen-Gay Léa, Puy J.-Y., Lefebvre-Tournier I., Tozzi Maria Grazia, Dumontet Charles, Jordheim Lars Petter

(Article) Publié: Oncotarget, vol. p. (2017)

Ref HAL: hal-01611275_v1
DOI: 10.18632/oncotarget.18653

The cytosolic 5'-nucleotidase cN-II is a highly conserved enzyme implicated in nucleotide metabolism. Based on recent observations suggesting additional roles not directly associated to its enzymatic activity, we studied human cancer cell models with basal or decreased cN-II expression. We developed cancer cells with stable inhibition of cN-II expression by transfection of shRNA-coding plasmids, and studied their biology. We show that human breast cancer cells MDA-MB-231 with decreased cN-II expression better adapt to the disappearance of glucose in growth medium under normoxic conditions than cells with a baseline expression level. This is associated with enhanced in vivo growth and a lower content of ROS in cells cultivated in absence of glucose due to more efficient mechanisms of elimination of ROS. Conversely, cells with low cN-II expression are more sensitive to glucose deprivation in hypoxic conditions. Overall, our results show that cN-II regulates the cellular response to glucose deprivation through a mechanism related to ROS metabolism and defence.